6 Methods Hackers Use for Personal Information Retrieval

By Jennifer Noble | Jul 12, 2018

Hackers are clever when it comes to stealing personal information. They can take advantage of anybody who is ignorant about online safety. A VPN can provide protection for internet identity and privacy. Besides using VPN's, one should become familiar with the six common ways hackers retrieve personal data. Scam knowledge gives people the power to prevent cyber-victimization by hackers.

1. Bait and Switch

A bait and switch hijacking is planned by the creation of malicious applications that the user thinks to be genuine. After the installation of these applications by the user, hijackers can access the whole computer or phone network.

Baits entice users to click imitated websites. Examples of baits include worthwhile police alerts, court summons, worthwhile financial deals and software downloads.

One can prevent bait and switch hijackings by obtaining computer products from trusted sources.

2. Cookie Theft

A browser's cookies store personal data. After hackers access a user's cookie, they can impersonate the user. A common way of executing a cookie theft is encouraging the IP packets of the user to pass over the attacker's device.

Cookie Theft has two other names: SideJacking and Session Hijacking. Two potential ways for using coookie theft are fake WAP attacks and session hijackings. Encrypted connections are of the greatest importance on sites where users put their password and bank information.

Staying away from public or vulnerable private networks is the safest measure that a user can take. The use of a VPN is for the encryption and tunneling of connections on devices is another recommendation. Users should regularly clear their browsers and caches and their systems to decrease the amount of stealable cookies.

3. Phishing

Hackers reproduce common sites and send the reproduced link to the users. They take private data from the users. Social engineering has allowed hackers to improve phishing. When phishing attacks involve social engineering, it turns out to be a deadly means for hackers to access computer or network servers.

4. Ransomware

Ransomware is a type of malicious software that fully or partially blocks a user's access to his or her operating system until a ransom is paid. Once the ransom is paid, the computer resumes its normal operation. Ransomware downloads to a victim's computer after the victim clicks a link or downloads an application that secretively downloads the ransomware to the computer.

5. Trojans/Virus

Trojans are a malware type that downloads to a user's operating system and sends the user's data to the hacker. They can lead to file locking, traffic diversion, data sniffing, and the serving of fraud ads. Additionally, Trojans can infect any computer linked to a network.

The list below mentions a list of the Trojan types.

  • Data Sending Trojan
  • Destructive Trojan
  • DoS/DDoS Attack Trojan
  • FTP Trojan
  • Proxy Trojan
  • Remote Access Trojan (RAT)
  • Security Software Disabler Trojan

Unlike Trojans, viruses do not damage files on computers. They are only active if they have a host program's support.

Below is a list of the six types of computer viruses.

  • Boot sector virus
  • File virus
  • Macro virus
  • Multipartite virus
  • Polymorphic virus
  • Stealth virus

UI Redress

Another name for UI Redress is Clickjacking. In a clickjacking attack, hackers conceal user interfaces where users have to click. Next, the hijackers take users to a page where the hijackers want them to be instead of the exact page.

Clickjacking attacks typically occur when downloading apps, streaming movies, and visiting torrent sites.

Use caution when an email asks you to click on a link or give personal data. Although these are a few of the typical methods used by hackers for personal information retrieval, modern and complex hacks are being developed daily. Viruses, Trojans, and ransomware are preventable if users disable pop-up windows in their browsers. Users should also get regular updates for their anti-malware and security programs.

Comments (0)
If you wish to comment, please login.